What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a naturally occurring chemical found in cannabis. It is one of the most highly concentrated and studied compounds among the more than 100 compounds, or cannabinoids, found in the plant. While it does not cause users to get high, cannabidiol could potentially have numerous health benefits and positive medical effects.
Benefits of CBD
The US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health states that practice of using Marijuana to treat pain dates as far back as 2900 B.C. in China. Along with pain, there are other health benefits of CBD oil. According to the World Health Organization, depression is at the top of the list of contributors to disability and anxiety is sixth on that same list. CBD oil has shown a lot of potential in treatment for these disorders and it’s a more natural approach then some of the more common pharmaceutical drugs that contain numerous side effects such as drowsiness, headaches, and sexual dysfunction according to Healthline. CBD can also assist in alleviating cancer-related symptoms, may reduce acne, possibly contain neuroprotective properties, and benefit the heart. (Check out this article by Healthline.com for the scientific evidence behind this.)
Concentration / Dosages
All CBD products have different dosages and levels of cannabinoids. Each product should clearly state how many mg per serving as well as if it’s an isolate CBD, full spectrum CBD, or Broad Spectrum CBD oil (0.0%THC). To find out more about the CBD product you are purchasing ask to see the Certificate of Analysis completed by a 3rd party laboratory. Each test result should clearly state the CBD percentages along with other cannabinoid profiles and at times, a terpene profile.
The suggested daily dosage of CBD is dependent on a few factors:
- The Concentration of CBD
- The weight of the individual
- The individual’s body chemistry
- The severity of the condition being treated
Full Spectrum CBD: All of the cannabinoids and terpenes available from the plant are present and can have up to 0.3% of THC.
Isolate CBD: There is CBD only and contains none of the other cannabinoids or THC.
Cannabinoids are a diverse class of chemical compounds that occur naturally in the human body (endocannabinoids) and cannabis plants (phytocannabinoids), and interactions with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) triggers various physiological actions.
Phytocannabinoids are the naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. This is opposed to synthetic cannabinoids that are manufactured artificially, and opposed to endocannabinoids, which are actually cannabinoid receptors in the bodies of animals and humans.
These receptors are located throughout the human body and are part of the endocannabinoid system which directly affect two important systems in the human body; the nervous system and immune system. The effect on the immune system is directly related to the body’s inflammatory response to conditions like injury, arthritis, bacterial infections, and autoimmune disorders. These receptors when engaged suppress inflammatory response and pathways, stimulating the production of regulatory cells, and managing pain receptors. As for the nervous system it has been shown to prevent the degeneration of the nervous system. These receptors as it relates to the nervous system plays a key role in regulating mood, memory, appetite, sleep, and the reduction of inflammation within the human body.
Want to know more of the science behind the Endocannabinoid System?
The ECS is responsible for pharmacological effects relating to how we feel, both mentally and physically. The endocannabinoid system helps the body maintain a stable biological environment, or homeostasis.
The two main endocannabinoid receptors are type 1 (CB1) primarily in the central and peripheral nervous system and type 2 (CB2) primarily in the immune system. Some cellular tissue contains both types performing their respective actions to work their therapeutic effects.
The ECS is responsible for physiological processes like appetite, pain sensation, mood and memory, and cannabinoids mediate communication between various cells and systems. Its receptors, when activated, triggers various chemical, natural, and pharmacological effects.